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Resume Writing – First step towards success



What is Curriculum Vitae?

The First Communication to employer

A summary of academic and professional history and achievements. It is typically the first communication that a potential employer encounters regarding the job seeker and is typically used to screen applicants, often followed by an interview.

Importance of CV to employer

  • Important tool for employer to evaluate you.
  • Screen suitable candidates for interview

CVs are the first introduction to the prospective employer helping employer to create a good perception about candidate

Types of Curriculum Vitae

  • Chronological CV – Education and Training is given importance. The latest qualification comes first – reverse order
  • Functional / Skill based CV- CVs are created with concentrate on skills and responsibilities or experiences. Usually meant for experienced persons
  • Speculative CV- sent not based on any advertisement
    • Match your skills, experiences, education with the skills of the job requires
    • Sent to right person if possible by name
    • Emphasis on achievements and results. It should be given in quantifiable terms

Order of Content in CV

  • Name and address
  • Contact Details
  • Career Objectives
  • Educational Qualification
  • Skill set and personal attributes
  • Experiences / employment history
  • Voluntary work (if you have done any)
  • Extracurricular activities, interests and hobbies
  • References

Career Objectives

A Career Objective of an individual defines his/her focus and profession interested in. The rest of the resume focuses on supporting this objective and convincing the employer of your ability achieve Career Objective.

Keep your objective focused and precise. As a guide, make it 12 words or less; don't go over this limit unless you feel it will really help you land your job.

Education Qualification

Educational information also has its own section in your CV. This information includes your schools and colleges, their locations (cities and states), dates of graduation, majors and minors, and grade-point-averages.

  • It should be written in a reverse chronological order (latest first)
  • With percentage of marks and name of the Institution
  • Year of passing

Skill set & Personal attributes

Knowledge of a variety of skills can often make the difference in getting a job. Include a list of skills relevant to the position you seek in your CV, also this section tells the employer what skills you have that fit the position they are looking for. This section also defines your personality which may turn out to be a winning edge in your favor.

Employment History

Your CV should also include a section describing your past employment RELEVANT to the position you seek.

  • Part time jobs
  • You may have taken a position during your holidays
  • State your employer, position held, responsibilities, Duration and Key achievements

Notethat theIrrelevant Informationshould not be furnished which would create confusion and your challenge for clarifications.

Voluntary Work

This area will help you to tell an employer how you have learnt new skills, worked with a team and learnt responsibilities for your assigned work.

For Example:

  • Volunteered library work
  • Organizing educational tours
  • Mobilizing fund for some disaster areas
  • Community based activities

Interests & Hobbies

In this section you can demonstrate your strengths to an employer. If you have a limited experiences, this is a valuable tool for demonstrating your abilities to an employer.

For Example:

  • Puzzle solving
  • Playing Football / any team games
  • Please avoid jokes and irrelevant hobbies such as and just reading, and sleeping etc.,


  • This is the final part of the C.V.
  • Include the names, organizations and contact numbers of people who can act as reference for you.
  • Give them a call and ask their willingness of being your reference.

Please note that the references should be of professional in nature (no relatives and friends)

Reference reveals a very important aspect of your personal networking and respect you earn among the peers while working with them.

Ideal CV must be …

  • In brief - a two page resume is ideal
  • Precise
  • With measured language
  • With relevant information
  • Customized
  • Industry jargons (which you understand, or understand before you include in CV.)


  • Avoid folding your CV
  • Don’t include irrelevant information – previous Salary, un proofed awards, prizes and publications etc.
  • Say what you did, not what you think
  • Personal information – marital status, religion, health, native place etc.
  • Avoid unusual font size, stylish letters, graphics, underlining and unusual spacing etc.
  • Avoid repeating information
  • Avoid personal pronouns (I, my, me)
  • Don’t outsource, do it yourself.

CV Writing Tips

  • Focus on the job you want
  • Emphasis on achievement and results
  • Easy to read design and language
  • Spelling mistakes are unforgivable
  • Education or employment first
  • Quantify every statement
  • Ask someone to review your CV

Covering Letter

A brief covering letter introduces your resume to the company or organization. Covering letter should be prepared after going thru company site and other available information. Covering letter communicates your point of view which you cannot include in the CV. Your covering letter should emphasize why you want to work for that particular organization and why you would be a good fit. Also it displays your communication and writing ability.

Steps to follow - Cover Letter

Header - Cover letters use standard business letter style, with the sender's address and other information, the recipient's contact information, and the date sent after either the sender's or the recipient's address.

Introduction - The introduction briefly states the specific position desired, and should be designed to catch the employer's immediate interest.

Body - The body highlights or amplifies on material in the resume or job application, and explains why the job seeker is interested in the job and would be of value to the employer.

Closing - Close by stating your desire for an interview. You may state that you will phone or email in a week or so. If you say that, make sure that you follow through. You may want to include your contact information (phone and email) so the reader knows how you can be reached.

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